The Ontikoppal Panchangam

The Ontikoppal Panchangam, another name for the Tamil calendar, which is a solar and sidereal Hindu astrological calendar, used in Tamil Nadu, parts of Pondicherry, and by the Tamilians based in parts of Malaysia, Singapore, Mauritius and Sri Lanka. These calendars, like any other astrological calendars, are used for the prediction of various cultural and religious events and dates.

Ontikoppal Panchangam and its Fast Facts:

The Tamil New Year, which generally falls on either the 13th or the 14th of the month of April of the Gregorian year, is used as the first day of the Tamil calendar. This day is considered as a public holiday in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. This date is the same as the traditional day of New Year at places like Burma,Cambodia,Laos,Sri Lanka,Bangladesh,Nepal and Thailand. As per the Tamil calendar, the Tamil year starts on 13 April 2012, Kaliyuga 5114. The Vikrama and the Shalivahana Saka eras are used here as well. A number of references have been made in the early Tamil literatures about this April new year.

The author of the Nedunalvaadai, Nakkirar, wrote in the 3rd century that the Sun travels from Mesha or Chitterai through the eleven successive Raashis or the zodiac signs. The Tolkaapiyam is the oldest known Tamil grammar that has divided the year in six seasons, according to which Chitterai is known to be the start of the Ilavenil season or the summer season. Silappadikaaram of the eight century named the twelve raashis or zodiac signs which started from Mesha or Chitterai.

Adiyaarkunalaar, who was an early medieval commentator or also known as Urai-asiriyar, gave names to the twelve months of the Tamil Hindu calendar with a specific reference made to Chitterai raashi.

Subsequently, there were more inscriptions made which gave references in Pagan, Burma which dated back to the 11th century and in Sukhothai, Thailand which dated back to the fourteenth century to South Indian, often Vaishnavite, courtiers who were given the task of defining correctly the traditional astrological calendar beginning in the mid of the month of April. The days of the Ontikoppal Panchangam are based on the planetary bodies of the solar system, namely, Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus and Saturn, in this same sequence.

The week for this calendar starts on the Sunday. For Tamilians, every day begins at sun rise. As per the Tamil calendar, a month comprises of number of days ranging from twenty nine and thirty two. One important point here remains that, the months as per the Sanskrit calendar start one month ahead of the months of the Tamil calendar. The reason for this being that the Tamil calendar is basically a solar calendar, while the Sanskrit calendar is a lunisolar calendar. The Tamil year comprises of six seasons, each lasting for a period of two months. The Tamil calendar is known to have a period cycle of sixty years.

The Ontikoppal Panchangam is extremely important in the life of Tamilians, as majority of their festivals are based on this calendar. Few of these festivals are the Continue reading

The presence of ontikoppal panchangam in Karnataka

When a person comes to India, one thing that he notices is our belief in astrology. People are usually astonished about our firm believe in the field of astrology. During ancient times, people in western part of the world found the concept of future forecasting to be a form of superstition. They believed that it is completely impossible for us to predict our future as future is very uncertain.

However, the study and knowledge of our sages and the accurate predictions made by them has compelled people all over the world to believe in future forecasting. Our sages have always told us that star and universe speaks to us. It is our ignorance toward their language that we do not understand their speech. Every movement of our planetary system has a story to tell: the story about our future.

Our sages understood this and thus with the help of deep research, they revealed us our story. Astrology as earlier presumed is not a superstition but a science. It makes use of several calculations about the planetary system movements and thus relates these movements with our lives. The result behind this relationship is our future which never fails to be true.

Ontikoppal Panchangam:

There are several approaches for determining our future. Kundali reading, horoscopes, future balls, tarot cards, naadi shaastra and many more are different forms of approaches towards our future. These approaches are more like a window to our future. One such highly acknowledged approach is Panchang.

Basically a calendar, panchang reveals to us about the various auspicious days which is capable of bringing us luck. Have you noticed how your grand mother stops you from undertaking an important event on a particular day after scrutinizing a long book this book is basically a panchang. A reading of panchang can tell a person, whether the day is auspicious for your event to take place. It tells a person how fruitful the day is for your important event.

With the help of these planetary movements the panchang is able to bring you the accurate information about your future. The panchang is able to bring you the information regarding the year’s auspicious days. There are several approaches of panchangs as well such as balli panchang which makes use of lizard’s movements for predictions, vakya panchang, ontikoppal panchangam etc.

Ontikoppal panchangam is widely referred to all over Karnataka. Besides, even the people abroad refer to the ontikoppal panchangam. This is the only panchanga that Continue reading

2013 Panchangam

The thought of the year 2013 brings into the minds of many the fear and images of gloom, doom destruction and death. In the past year there have been countless books, movies and discussion being carried on the 2013 destructive stories which are now being proved as completely false by the 2013 panchangam. Indian sages were very good with astronomy, spirituality, medical science and so many other fields. The 2013 panchangam they made were based on the daily movements of the sun and the moon at the time of sunrise during the year. This knowledge is passed down from generation to generation and the calendar that is prepared every year accordingly and we commonly call it as panchangam.

2013 Panchangam:

The panchangam calculation is based on two important heavenly bodies that are known as the sun and the moon. There are various ancient methods used by the sages to calculate panchangam and the very ancient one is known as Surya Siddhanta, another one is Vakyam Siddhanta, and the last one is Driga Ganita. The Vakyam is an ancient system where planetary motions are described in simple sentences and hence known as the vakya. The author of Surya siddhanta clearly mentions that one should observe the sky and make necessary corrections to planetary formulae so that you can make an accurate panchangam

We have different panchangam for different cities and once you buy a panchangam from India you can use it anywhere in the world. But however this is a wrong practise because people abroad can make wrong calculations and misunderstand a festival on a wrong day or time in abroad. Each festival has a different set of rules of how to observe them. Hindu festivals are generally based on the tithi or nakshatra as per the lunar calendar and some as per the solar calendar.

Each tithi begins and ends at the same instant all over the world. After correcting the time zones, the tithi will begin and end at different times in different parts of the world. However you should make sure that tithi is visible during the specified time. This is done by people by using the local sunset, local sunrise and local moonrise. India how ever has a little variation in terms of sunset/sunrise and therefore panchangam computed for one area of the country is generally used throughout the country. The 2013 panchangam will also have two Ekadashi rules like every other calendar – The Smarta and Vaishnava.

The smarta rule is simple and says that ekadashi is visible at the time of local sunrise. Whereas vaishnava agrees that ekadashi is not contaminated by dashami tithi. Ekadashi should be prevailing two hours before sunrise. If you follow the Indian panchangam abroad, apply the standard time differences, so ekadashi might fall on a day before India and Continue reading